Atomic orbitals 6f electron density

This page contains movies depicting the 6fxy, 6fxz, 6fyz, and 6fx2-y2 wave functions. In all cases the greenzones are where the 6f wave function has positive values and the white zones denote negative values. See the 6f wave function page for movies depicting the 6f the wave functions and nodal structures.

The "surface" of the three-dimensional orbital at the top centre of each movie represents points for which the electron density for that orbital is the same - an isosurface. By choosing different values of electron density, denoted by the bar moving up and down on the line plot or by the moving plane on the surface plot, then the size of the three-dimensional plot changes. All values of electron density are of necessity not negative since the square of any real number cannot be less than zero.

Each of the 6f orbitals has three planar nodes or conical nodes. The 6f orbitals have two spherical nodes but the higher f-orbitals ( 7f) have more while the lower orbitals ( 4f and 5f) have fewer.

6fz3, 6fx3, and 6fy3 orbital electron density

Movie depicting the 6fz3 electron density function (ψ6fz3)2. The z-axis lies from left to right. The 6fx3 and 6fy3 orbitals are identical in appearance but orientated along the x and y axes respecively. The 6fz3 orbital has two conical nodes.

6fxz2 and 6fyz2 orbital electron density

Movie depicting the 6fxz2 electron density function (ψ6fxz2)2. The left image shows a two-dimensional electron dot-density plot of the 6fxz2 orbital (across the x=0 plane). The right image is a plot along the y axis. The 6fyz2 is identical in appearance but rotated by 90° about the y-axis.

6fxyz and 6fz(x2-y2) electron density

Movie depicting the 6fxyz electron density function (ψ6fxyz)2. The left image shows a two-dimensional electron dot-density plot of the 6fxyz orbital (across the x=y plane). The right image is along the x=y, z=0 line. The 6fxyz and 6fz(x2-y2) are related to each other by a 45° rotation about the z-axis.

6fy(3x2-y2) and 6fx(x2-3y2) electron density

The first image shows a two-dimensional electron dot-density plot of the 6fx(x2-3y2) orbital (across the z=0 plane, x axis pointing right). The 6fy(3x2-y2) orbital is identical in appearance but rotated by 90° about the vertical z-axis.


The OrbitronTM, a gallery of orbitals on the WWW: https://winter.group.shef.ac.uk/orbitron/
Copyright 2002-2021 Prof. Mark Winter [The University of Sheffield]. All rights reserved.